Most activities within local authorities have a geographic context; people vote at polling stations which are set within boundaries, school catchment areas are calculated as distance from the school and bins are emptied according to a routing routine.
The requirement for a standard way of referring to location has been recognised in the Local Digital new financial model and business case for data standards to underpin council waste collection services. The business case for the Local Waste Service Standards project, if adopted nationally, predicts savings of £600 million over seven years.
The overall aim of the Local Waste Service Standards project is to remove duplication of effort between councils and save costs on deploying waste collection services that all councils must provide. It seeks to iron out common inefficiencies and avoidable costs' in councils' waste services which usually occur when information has to pass between people or systems. The standards under development would allow data to be passed around councils' systems and the systems of partners and suppliers in a single, consistent format without having to explain or re-format anything.
The data model used within the Local Waste Service Standards project for addresses is based on the national standard for geographic referencing; BS7666, which provides a data standard for identifying and referencing land, streets and property.
All local authorities already maintain indexed databases of addresses and streets, which have been built on the BS7666 Standard and contain the features of the data model for location outlined within the Local Waste Service Standard. These are called the Local Land and Property Gazetteer (LLPG) and the Local Street Gazetteer (LSG). This means that the LLPG and the LSG can be utilised by this new initiative as the basis for the location standard.
Linda O'Halloran, Head of Products, Local Digital Programme at DCLG said "using standards such as BS7666 allows information to run smoothly through the service leading to improvements in performance and better customer service which results in savings to the council and happier residents".
GeoPlace works with every local authority across England and Wales to build and maintain the National Address Gazetteer and the National Street Gazetteer, which include the LLPGs and LSGs from every authority. Ordnance Survey develops the range of AddressBase products from the National Address Gazetteer and makes the products available to the whole of the public and private sectors which means that the location standard is widely available. .This location standard has also been incorporated in the Multi-Agency Incident Transfer (MAIT) schema to share information about location across and between organisations.
The address and street information produced and maintained by local authorities is used to enable data sharing and digital transformation by linking information from different local authority departments together to give a property or street level view of service delivery.
GeoPlace is a public sector limited liability partnership between the Local Government Association (LGA) and Ordnance Survey. GeoPlace was set up in 2011 by government in recognition of the national value of address and street data and works in collaboration with its partners in local government and Ordnance Survey. GeoPlace is responsible for compiling and maintaining the National Address Gazetteer infrastructure and the National Street Gazetteer (NSG). Ordnance Survey develops the range of AddressBase products from the National Address Gazetteer.
National Address Gazetteer
The National Address Gazetteer infrastructure, managed by GeoPlace, is the data storage and set of processes bringing together the existing local authority sourced addressing datasets together with Ordnance Survey, Valuation Office Agency and Royal Mail data. Through agreement between Ordnance Survey and Scotland's Improvement Service, working on behalf of Scottish Local Government, the National Address Gazetteer includes Scottish address data.
The National Address Gazetteer is the single source from which the AddressBase products are developed.
Local Digital Campaign
Local Digital is a partnership between central and local government. We help local authorities improve their digital services. The business case for the Local Waste Service Standards project can be seen here.
Data model for Local Waste Service Standard
The data model for the Standard can be seen at http://communitiesuk.github.io/waste-service-standards/models/
Multi-Agency Incident Transfer (MAIT) schema
British ACPO has been working with the Cabinet Office, Welsh Government and members from the emergency services and commercial sector to work on the problems of exchanging incidents between agency control rooms by agreeing a common schema. http://mait.org.uk/
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